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African Energy Week (AEW) 2021 in Cape Town is committed to providing a real conversation on the issues facing African people and African businesses, offering attainable solutions through which the oil and gas industry can help drive. With global stakeholders pledging net-zero emissions by 2050, and the move to renewable energy holding significant financial challenges for African countries, the role of the oil and gas industry has been brought to light, with the idea of an African carbon market both deliberated and debated among key industry leaders and global stakeholders. With a panel discussion taking place at the Ninth Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA-IX) under the theme, ‘Can carbon markets work for Africa?’ key insights were provided into whether or not a carbon market could work in Africa, with speakers introducing current national strategies to address carbon emissions.
Despite important changes over the past decade, efforts to expand and modernize the sector need to be redoubled. Indeed, current electrification rates, generation-capacity levels, and security-of-supply indicators underscore that much is yet to be accomplished. New research, co-authored at the UC Berkeley Goldman School of Public Policy, identifies five sets of complementary actions to put Africa’s electricity sector on track to sharply increase electrification rates and secure long-term access to affordable and cleaner energy. The research — “An action agenda for Africa's electricity sector” — was published today (Aug. 5, 2021) in the journal Science. "Investment in, and integration of, clean energy across Africa can enable the full suite of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and make the energy future of the continent one that enables equity and climate justice,”
Following President Biden's Interim National Security Strategic Guidance signaling for continued growth in partnerships with African economies, the African Energy Chamber (AEC) believes it is vital to engage U.S. companies and investors to counter the often-wrong preconceptions about investing in the continent, as Africa has some of the fastest-growing economies globally and possesses significant investment and development opportunities for U.S. firms. Majors like Chevron, ExxonMobil, and Kosmos Energy making significant discoveries and operating in multiple countries like Angola, Mozambique, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Senegal, Ghana, and others.
The decline of Angola, from being Africa’s top crude producer five years ago to barely pumping more than war-torn Libya today, shows the heavy toll of a slump in oil-industry investment. The nation’s production has fallen by more than a third since 2015. Despite government efforts to stimulate activity, just a handful of drilling rigs now work in the deep Atlantic waters that hold the country’s greatest resources.
Equinor has decided to write down book value of its Tanzania LNG project (TLNG) on company’s balance sheet by 982million USD. Equinor is operator with 65% participating interest, along with ExxonMobil’s working interest of 35%. TPDC has the right to participate with 10% interest. Equinor made nine gas discoveries in Block2 offshore Tanzania with estimated volumes of 20Tcf of GIP.
Africa's largest lender by assets, Standard Bank, has been criticised for its lending policies. The recent climate exposure report that it published reveals that it has $4 billion in loans and commitments to the coal, oil and gas sectors on its books. The bank is being called out as 4% of all its lending is to fossil fuel industries. The renewables share only 0.8% of the same.
Following Mexico's refusal, OPEC+ on Easter Sunday agreed upon 9.7mn bpd of production cut. “These production adjustments are historic. They are largest in volume and the longest in duration, as they are planned to last for two years", said OPEC's Secretary-General. This decision has brought hope for the African oil producers giving them a financial boost. NJ Ayuk welcomed the decision declaring it a home run by OPEC.
BP has informed about first gas from Baltim field two months ahead of schedule. The firm has achieved an initial production rate of around 100 mmscfd. The production rate is expected to increase and reach 500 mmscfd before mid-2020. The production will be divided amongst BP, Eni (contractor), and the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation. BSW was discovered in May 2016 and is said to have the potential of 610 BCF.
Infrastructure solutions provider, Africa Finance Corporation (AFC) has financed Aker Energy. AFC has invested $100 million to finance the development of the Deepwater Tano Cape Three Points block (DWTCTP). This deal marks the beginning of AFC and Aker's mutually beneficial relationship in this continent. "We believe AFC will be a valuable partner to help Aker Energy navigate the opportunities and challenges that lies ahead of us", said Aker's CEO.
The largest single energy project in Arica received approval recently. The energy firm Anadarko agreed for the construction of a $20 billion gas liquefaction and export terminal in Mozambique. Mozambique falls in the category of the poorest nations and so this project is expected to transform various segments of the nation. According to its government, this project might create more than 5,000 direct jobs and 45,000 indirect jobs.
Supermajor, Total yesterday inked an $8.8 billion asset purchase deal with Occidental, and dropped a new bombshell in the ongoing Chevron-Anadarko-Occidental battle. If Occidental wins the bid, then the binding agreement will require the firm to sell Anadarko Petroleum’s oil and gas assets in Africa. Post divestment, Occidental will gain ownership to the Western Midstream Partners and Anadarko’s acreages in U.S. shale basins, the Gulf of Mexico and South America.
The CEO of Total, Pouyanne, informed that the company is expected to formally approve the Ikike project in Nigeria in the upcoming months. The energy major holds the largest proven reserves in Africa and is one of the strongest player in the continent. Pouyanne also said, “There is a huge potential in Nigeria, it is probably the most prolific country in West Africa in terms of oil and gas”.
UAE’s Polarcus Limited is an offshore geophysical company which has been awarded a project of 3D marine seismic acquisition in West Africa. Under the scope of this project, there are two surveys each of approximately 3 months. As per the information, the first survey is expected to start in the second-quarter of 2019 while the second survey will commence in the fourth quarter of 2019.
With Chinese refiners struggling to find alternatives to Iranian crude, oil shipments from West Africa oil to Asia will reach a two-month high in October. Reuters’ calculations and Refinitiv Eikon data show 2.52 million barrels per day (bpd) growth in the loadings for Asia in October. West African oil imports to China are predicted to rise to a record 1.94 million bpd.
Equatorial Guinea’s National Content Regulation of 2014 says “all agreements must have local content clauses and provisions for capacity building.” Failing to obey the local-content rules over training and jobs, the oil-services companies, TechnipFMC Plc, Subsea 7 SA and Schlumberger Ltd. might be excluded from the country. By September end, the oil companies could be asked to cancel their contracts with the existing service providers and issue new tenders.
Anglo African Oil & Gas plc, which is an independent oil and gas developer, has decided to append drilling TLP-103 following some problem of topside. SMP is the drilling contractor of the company and has informed that the issue is affecting a rig offshore the Congo in Tilapia Field. The company is now working towards finding an optimal solution of the problem and is trying to avoid any further delay.
The second-largest oil producer of Africa, Angola, has been hit by the waves of lower oil prices which resulted in its failure of providing economic support to the country. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) informed on Tuesday that it would provide Angola the financial support, amount still undisclosed, as the country's economic growth has dropped down this year. The weaker economic conditions of Angola stopped many foreign countries from investing.
ANOH gas project will go through a speedy development after the NNPC signs an agreement of five years with Seplat Petroleum Development Company for the same. This gas development scheme is said to improve and enhance the gas production and infrastructure of the country. By 2020, ANOH will produce approximately 3.4 billion standard cubic feet of gas per day. It is one of the 7 CGDPs in Nigeria.